What makes AI popular in the world of leading technology?

Artificial Intelligence

The term AI is not new; in fact, it may come as a surprise to many by the term AI was first coined in the year 1956, at the Dartmouth workshop by an American computer scientist John McCarthy, intending to establish a study on the subject without getting too distracted by the narrow automata theory and cybernetics, and with a keen focus on developing ideas about thinking machines in the future. Now, AI was not established in that year, as it has been used in various fields for years, including espionage as well, but AI became the de-facto term for machine simulating human intelligence and behavior and then improving its process.

We may not notice it, but AI is now a regular part of our daily lives; every smart device that we use like smartphones, smartwatches, smart speakers, which has become an essential part of our lives, utilizes this popular AI technology, and one can easily demonstrate the influence and popularity of Artificial Intelligence in the world of technology today by taking the case of TikTok.

TikTok is now a household name and one of the most popular social media platforms across the globe, where users share and view short length created videos that usually lasts about 15 seconds. Ignoring the recent troubles that TikTok has faced, mainly in the US, Australia, and the Indian market, there is no denying the historical rise of the platform as at the end of Jan 2021, it has been downloaded over 2.6 billion times, and what is even more astonishing is that TikTok only became widely available for worldwide users in 2018.

AI

The addictive nature of TikTok speaks for itself; on average, a TikTok user spends about 52 minutes per day on this platform, just scrolling through the feed, giving valuable data to the TikTok algorithm. When a user first signs up on the TikTok platform, they are shown a series of short videos which they may or may not like; their interaction with each video helps TikTok better understands the key interests of the user, and since their videos are generally short in length, TikTok algorithm can easily collect vast data pointers from a user, with just a few minutes of interaction. And using these data points, TikTok is able to suggest to its viewers content they might be interested in.

Now, TikTok is not the first social media platform to utilize AI to create an algorithm using the data points collected from the users to show suggested content; Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, and even Snapchat, use some form of AI algorithm, and they are not the only ones. Siri, Alexa, Cortana, Google Assistant, they are all some of the more popular systems that are highly dependent on AI to provide their customers with a unique customer-centric experience. So, it would not be a stretch to say that AI is here to stay, and we have only seen the beginning of the wonders of AI; in the year 2021, we can expect to see the accelerated integration of AI in automation and much more. Its usability and effectiveness in providing its user with a customer-centric result, with an ability to learn every sec of the day to only improve upon its results, make AI a popular tool in leading technology.

AI applications

Artificial Intelligence applies specifically to machines that act like human beings. Machines carry out activities in AI such as speech recognition, problem-solving and understanding, etc. If they have enough data, computers will run and behave like an individual.

Artificial intelligence is applied and effectively built around us in everyday life in fields of connectivity, time management, education, cognition, fitness, safety, traffic control, ordering, selling, shopping, and planning, researches, train resources, analyze data, minimize uncertainty and so on.

To create an AI application, one must need a lot of the latest technologies. Here are listed below some effective technologies that can be used in applications of AI in order to make an application more advance.

1) Machine Learning

The primary objective is to establish methods that enable the machine to understand. Currently, they are created for estimation and serve as an instrument for audience management. Digital marketing is the most profitable.

2)  Natural Language Processing

NLP is a way of making computers to comprehend or communicate with the natural language that human beings speak. It also encourages a computer to respond to the human after processing his message, in the manner that human beings understand.

In order to check the accuracy of grammar in text, Natural Language Processing applications are found in IVR (Interactive Voice Response) applications used in call centres, language translation applications like Google Translate and word processors like Microsoft Word.

3) Automation

Automation seeks to accomplish monotonous and routine activities performed by computers that also increase flexibility and accomplish cost-efficient and more effective performance.

Neural networks, Machine learning and graphs are used in automation by many companies. Such automation can avoid fraud problems by using CAPTCHA technologies when financial transactions are online.

4) Robotics

Artificial Intelligence

It uses templates that imitate the human method and is fed to a computer to successfully complete it. Robotic process automation is designed to perform routine tasks of high volume that can respond in various circumstances to the transition.

Today, as we can see, robots live in some shape. One type of robot is also the ATM from which we withdraw cash and there are several smart working robots.

5) Machine Vision

Machines are able to record and then interpret visual information. The analogue to digital transfer is used to transform the image to digital data, where cameras are used to record visual images, and digital signal processing is used to interpret the data. Then a machine is fed with the resulting data.

Signature detection, object recognition, and medical image processing, etc., can be found with the application of machine vision.

6) Biometrics

It helps to use computers to recognize human faces. The human face is mapped from a video or picture using biometric features and compared to the database to locate a match. A big obstacle in the use of this technology is the privacy issue.

Apart from above mentioned technologies, there are numerous technologies in the market to create an AI application in an effective manner such as Autonomous Driving and Vehicles, Digital Twin, Cyber Defense, Image Recognition, Emotion Recognition etc. And, you can always count on Cloud7Tech for making an AI application for your marketing and branding needs that elevate your business growth.

Why Are The Japanese So Resilient?

Regularly pummelled by natural disasters, Japan has frequently had to bounce back from adversity. But this, some argue, has bred fortitude and a cultural trait of resilience.

By Karen Gardiner

1 July 2020

At the Shorinzan Darumaji temple in Takasaki, 130km north of Tokyo, visitors are greeted by hundreds of squat dolls piled atop one another. Each doll, most painted red, features a mustachioed face with large, black eyes frozen in a look of stern determination. These are Daruma, modeled on Bodhidharma, the founder of Zen Buddhism in China, and Japan’s most popular good-luck charm. Farmers in Takasaki began making the hollow, papier-mâché dolls around 200 years ago, and the area continues to make the majority that is sold and found in homes throughout Japan.

Visitors to the temple can buy their own Daruma, which will have two blank eyes. The purchaser then makes a wish and colors in the pupil of its left eye. After the wish is fulfilled, the purchaser fills in the second pupil. As the year comes to a close, visitors donate their Daruma to the temple and buy a new one to make another wish or to renew their commitment to achieving their goals. The piles of dolls at Shorinzan Darumaji are those that have served their purpose and will be burned in a ceremony in the new year.

But the Daruma represents something more profound than simply a good-luck charm. Each Daruma is weighted at the base and you can rock it from side to side, but it will never tip over: a symbol of perseverance for a nation that has often been pushed close to its limit.

Regularly pummelled by natural – and several manmade – disasters, Japan has frequently had to bounce back from adversity. In the last 100 years, Japan has endured the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, which flattened Tokyo; two nuclear bombs, over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945; the Kobe earthquake of 1995, which, just two months later, was followed by the Tokyo subway sarin gas attack; and the triple shock of an earthquake, tsunami and nuclear meltdown in the Tohoku region in 2011. Just last year, in October, Typhoon Hagibis caused widespread destruction and death. But adversity, some argue, has bred fortitude and a cultural trait of resilience.

“Like the Daruma doll that always recovers as it falls down,” said Dr. Joshua W Walker, who grew up in Japan and is president and CEO of the Japan Society in New York City, “Japan is a model of resiliency.”

The Daruma serves as a reminder that no matter how many times you may get knocked down, you must always get back up. Strongly connected to this ideology and to the Daruma itself is the Japanese proverb “nana korobi ya oki”, which translates to “seven times down, eight times up”; as is the spirit of ganbaru (to endure), a trait that is instilled in Japanese children from a young age.

Spend an extended length of time in Japan and you’ll likely come to notice the language of resilience and stoicism present in everyday speech. Words such as “shoganai” or, formally, “shikata ga nai” (it can’t be helped) – along with ganbaru’s imperative form, ganbatte (do your best) and the noun gaman (perseverance) – often appear in conversation, reflecting the fact that tenacity is a highly regarded and celebrated trait.

Travelers can learn, not only from the earthquake and nuclear accident but also from reconstruction and overcoming adversity

While you’re more likely to hear the language of resilience refer to fairly banal situations – “shoganai” when you miss the train; “ganbatte” before you sit a test – it is entwined with some of Japan’s most traumatic experiences. In a 1945 radio address by Emperor Hirohito, who was then considered a living deity, he called on the Japanese “to endure the unendurable and suffer what is not sufferable” as the nation prepared for the humiliation of unconditional surrender and economic collapse at the end of World War Two.

After the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, international observers were struck by the calm and civility on display as people formed orderly queues outside shops and largely refrained from looting: actions that were often attributed to the gaman spirit. “Japanese restraint is steeped in a culture of tested resilience” read a March 2011 headline in the Los Angeles Times. The slogan exhorting “ganbaro Tohoku” (the inclusive form of “ganbaru”; meaning roughly, “let’s hang in there”) abounded on signs in public places and on the Web.

But this spirit of resilience is not without its criticism. An April 2011 article in The Economist titled “Silenced by gaman” argued that the exhortation “smacks of heads-down endurance, rather than the hope of better things to come” and that “people in Tohoku are beginning to resent the phrase because it sounds like a demand to endure even more.” A Japan Times piece argued that gaman leads to a passive tolerance of disaster, “a panacea, absolving people of a need to do more.” Another criticized the “exasperating” fatalism of shoganai.

Time magazine, however, suggests that “the fatalism implied in the phrase [shoganai] denotes not just a helplessness at life’s vagaries but also a calm determination to overcome what cannot be controlled.”

Even more, than overcoming it, Dr. Walker believes that Japan bends adversity; that, rather than grimly enduring hardship, it gets back up and emerges stronger. For example, the rebuilding of Tokyo after the 1923 earthquake – and again after the 1945 bombing by the American Air Force – transformed it into a modern city. Hiroshima wasn’t just rebuilt, it was completely reimagined as a Peace Memorial City symbolizing what the 1949 Construction Law called the “sincere pursuit of genuine and lasting peace”. And the Kobe earthquake is now considered the turning point in Japanese civil engagement, which has led to the now-entrenched trend of post-disaster volunteerism. After the Tohoku triple disaster, rebuilding projects and those pursuing alternatives to nuclear energy sprung up around the Tohoku region’s Fukushima prefecture – and now growing tourism in the area means that visitors can see this first-hand.

For the last few years, the Fukushima prefectural government has been promoting the concept of “hope tourism”, which allows visitors to see the current state of disaster-affected areas and meet locals involved in shaping its future. Takehiro Okamoto, who organizes “Hope Tours” through the travel company Wondertrunk & Co, explains that hope tourism is the antonym of “dark tourism”. In Fukushima, he said, “Travellers can learn, not only from the earthquake and nuclear accident but also from reconstruction and overcoming adversity.”

Participants, Okamoto explained, visit disaster-affected areas and related sites, including the road near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and the TEPCO Decommissioning Archive Center, where they learn about the current decommissioning efforts of the plant. The highlight, Okamoto told me, is talking and workshopping with local people. “Participants start thinking about our future: issues to do with energy, local communities, and overly consumerist culture.”

After the 2011 disaster, Okamoto said there was a trend towards renewable energy throughout Japan. A grassroots movement to reassess nuclear energy was mobilized in the disaster’s aftermath, leading to some of the biggest protests the country had seen in decades. “All nuclear power plants were stopped and investment for solar power was increased,” he explained.

“Unfortunately,” said Okamoto, reflecting on the anti-nuclear movement, “we couldn’t change the whole Japanese energy policy”. In August 2015, after standing idle for four years, the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant on Kyushu was the first of Japan’s nuclear power plants to restart its reactors. In Fukushima, however, the local government aims to power the region with 100% renewable energy by 2040.

There is a philosophical understanding that life inevitability includes disasters and triumphs that are bigger than the individual in the circle of life

Okamoto sees the “seeds” of a brighter future in the area generally, pointing to a new highway connecting Tohoku’s long-isolated coastal region to central Tohoku and Tokyo; as well as the new Michinoku Coastal Trail, a 1,000k-long path that runs along Japan’s rarely visited north-eastern coast through four prefectures affected by the earthquake and tsunami.

He also sees hope of tourism as a way of keeping the impact of the disaster in mind. “For Japanese people, the memory of accidents fades away as time goes by. So, we want to remind [them] and rethink issues throughout our travels [by] talking with local people.” Okamoto says that Japan’s many experiences of disasters have led to its people being “very patient and united” but, “at the same time, we [find it] easy to forget; easy to make the same mistake again.”

Jodogahama Beach
Dr. Walker, however, seems more optimistic that the world, now more than ever, can learn from Japan’s attitude. “There is a philosophical understanding [in Japan] that life inevitability includes disasters and triumphs that are bigger than the individual in the circle of life,” he said, “which is a particularly relevant and useful mindset in the current period we find ourselves globally.”

The torch relay for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics was due to begin in Fukushima in late March. The flame would have symbolized the region’s recovery from the events nine years ago to the month. However, with the postponement of the Games, the relay was canceled. If the Olympics do take place in 2021, it’s likely that its emphasis will shift to recovery from a more recent, and global, disaster: the coronavirus pandemic.

As the fear of radiation slowly begins to fade, another invisible dread has taken its place, a situation that most of us have no choice but to endure and, perhaps, hope for a better world in the aftermath. It’s a reminder that adversity is an inevitable part of life. As much of the world have retreated indoors, in Takasaki, the piles of Daruma sit, stoic as ever. It’s a potent symbol: the reason the squat little dolls are traditionally painted red is that, during Japan’s Edo period, they were used as talismans against the smallpox virus.

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